Kathakali is derived from folk traditions and ancestral rituals shows such as Kutiyattam and the oldest martial art in the world, Kalaripayat. The learning process starts at childhood and can last a decade. The study of rhythmic sequences and choreographed set of figures is accompanied by a gymnastics eyes and facial muscles. The heaviness of the tiara and the lavishness of the costumes require a body holding controlled indeed, the show can last all night. The music and dances that accompany the invocation ritual preparation of the actors are issued of the Kutiyattam. Two percussionists, the Maddala (which gives the tempo and rhythm) and Cenda (suggesting the atmosphere) are accompanied by two singers, who, on the side of the stage, interpret the text alone, while hitting a respectively gong and cymbals. The actors do not make use of the word as they are expressed in gestural signs. If kattis, noble or divine roles are silent, and the Tatis karis, demons, monsters and other horrible characters punctuate their game: they screams and use onomatopoeia codified. The gestures of the language is based on multiple combinations of hastamudras, listed signs of hand gestures which engages the whole body. This gestural grammar offers the artist who has fully integrated it a freedom of choice in the interpretation. The codification allows him to improvise entire scenes without ever leaving the style.