Kyogen

The Nô and Kyogen, constitute together the Art named Nohgaku formed about 650 years ago, between 1333 and 1573. They derive from songs and dances of Chinese influence known as the Sarugaku. While the Nô inherits of the most tragic part of Sarugaku, the Kyogen is using a more physical play using pantomime and comic dialogues. By the clarity of the dialogues and readability of his gestures, Kyogen is a form of theater that celebrates human nature by depicting realistic scenes of everyday life, sometimes to give him the features a « wonderful absurdity. » The actor-kyogen is a man with displaced words. When present in a Noh stage, it is the intermediary of the waki and represents the common people. He reports the legends that run across the countryside, and distorts his imagination … As buffoonery, the kyogen is close to the the commedia dell’arte. The pieces are often satirical: the lords, monks, spirits and demons are ridiculed it. But the kyogen is also a contrast art: even the most trivial situations are stylized. The grotesque characters keep the greatest dignity in the scenes of fight or drunkenness, which are always choreographed. All accessories are of extreme simplicity: the range has various symbolic functions, it may appear a bow or a saw. A cover is used for drinking sake or include a round trip trunk. Sobriety is studied here in order to bring the attention of the viewer on the interpretation of the actor.